Small Diaphragm Condenser Buying Guide-Save money and get the best price/performance ratio

发布日期:2018-09-18 16:27
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Small Diaphragm Condenser  Buying Guide

                      -tell you the screct of Save money and get the best price/performance ratio
 

 

As before the Condenser microphones price is very expansive, always typically made for use by professional musicians. However, now-days with at-home recording becoming increasingly popular for its convenience, accessibility, and affordability, the market is opening to everyday consumers,if you directly buy from condenser microphone factory of China, you would Save most of the money. Budgets vary among musicians and it’s important to find a product that fits within your price range. Small condenser microphones can cost anywhere from around $20 to upwards of $120 depending on several factors such as clarity of sound, efficient design, and durable construction.

To understand the most effective way to use this type of microphone, one must understand its basic functionality. Condenser microphones have two essential parts: the diaphragm and the backplate. These parts work together to act as a capacitor, which characteristically has two plates with a source of electricity in the middle of them. The diaphragm is lightweight and conductive, positioned near a backplate which is also conductive. Sound waves cause the diaphragm to pulsate, which in turn produces the signal. Unlike other types of microphones, condenser mics rely on electric power from a battery or external source. To put it briefly, condenser microphones work by translating movement into electricity.

Condenser microphones come in two varieties: large diaphragm and small diaphragm. Large diaphragm condensers are highly sensitive and have a higher signal-to-noise ratio, making them great for recording quiet instruments or vocalists, in-studio vocals, deep-toned drums, and more. Condensers with small diaphragms offer different benefits. This type of mic has a low-mass diaphragm and outstanding transient response which allow it to work well with very high frequencies found in instruments such as cymbals, triangles, and snare drums. Small diaphragm mics also tend to work well with acoustic instruments and percussion.

The Different Types Of The Small Diaphragm Condenser

As a specific kind of microphone, small diaphragm condensers do not differ greatly from product to product. There are, however, a few qualities that vary somewhat among devices, mainly polar pattern and frequency response.

Polar Pattern

A microphone’s polar pattern can be described as its sensitivity in respect to the direction at which sound reaches the mic. There are three main polar patterns associated with microphones: cardioid, omnidirectional, and figure eight.

A cardioid microphone is the most sensitive at the front, somewhat sensitive on the sides, and has no or almost no sensitivity at the back. Cardioid microphones are ideal for performing onstage in noisy venues because they don’t pick up as much ambient sound as other mic varieties.

As you may have guessed from the name, omnidirectional microphones offer the same level of sensitivity to sound at all angles. Unlike cardioid mics, omnidirectional microphones do not need to be positioned toward a specific sound source; everything in close proximity is picked up.

Figure eight, or bidirectional, microphones are sensitive at the front and at the back but not at all around the sides. Large diaphragm microphones tend to have this polar pattern, but it is not found with small diaphragm mics.

Frequency Response

The frequency response of a microphone is the sensitivity of the device to different sound frequencies. This characteristic is usually portrayed as a range measured in Hertz (Hz), which in the International System of Units, or SI, unit for frequency. A flat frequency response is 20Hz - 20kHz, and a microphone with that range would have the same sensitivity to every sound frequency. You will notice that many microphones offer a wider or entirely different range than the flat frequency response. This is because some devices are intended to cater to instruments or vocals of a specific frequency. For example, small diaphragm mics tend to offer a limited low frequency range, which is what makes them great for use with high-pitched instruments like the triangle or cymbals. If you are looking for a microphone with a wholly realistic response to sounds of all frequencies, make sure that the frequency response is flat.

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